5 Kingdoms of Life


Kingdom Plantae

- Body Type: multicellular with cell walls made of cellulose

- Eukaryotic

- Food consumption in done through photosynthesis (light absorption) - Converts absorbed sunlight to glucose

- Reproduces through both sexual and asexual methods

- Autotrophic

- Plants have organs and organ systems

- Leaves have a waxy coat on them to shield against water

- Roots provides support and absorbs water

- Stem provides support for flower and leaves

- Petal / Flower / Bud is the reproductive organ of the plant

- Kingdom Plantae differentiates with other Kingdoms because it has cell walls made up of cllulose that supports the plant. Cell wall is not a semi-permeable membrane and the cell can't transport material and nutrients in and out of the cell walls.

- Large central vacuole stores water and chemicals for use inside the cell which solves the problem of incapability to transport materials and nutrients in and out of the cell walls.

- Chloroplasts are another organelle that differentiates Kingdom Plantae with other Kingdoms. It is responsible of converting light energy into sugar.

Example of Kingdom Plantae - Helianthus debilis

Species Name: Helianthus debilis

Common Name: Beach sunflower, cucumberleaf sunflower

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Helianthus

Other Taxonomic Groupings:
    Subkingdom : Tracheobionta
    Subclass: Asteridae

Example of Kingdom Plantae - Acanthophora spicifera


Species Name: Acanthophora spicifera

Common Name: Spiny seaweed

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Rhodophyta
Class: Rhodophyceae
Order: Ceramiales
Family: Rhodomelacedae
Genus: Acanthophora

Example of Kingdom Plantae - Albizia julibrissa

Species Name: Albizia julibrissa

Common Name: Mimosa tree, powderpuff tree, silk tree

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Albizia

Other Taxonomic Groupings:
    Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
    Division: Magnoliophyta
    Subclass: Rosidae

Summary of K.Plantae


Characteristics of Plantae Kingdom
  1. Eukaryote
  2. Multicellular
  3. Autotrophic
  4. Mostly Terrestrial
  5. Asexual and Sexual
  6. Nonmotile

Example: mosses, ferns, conifers, and flowering plants